Hamilton was then ordered to pit, on safety grounds, and rejoined ninth with his headrest secured.
He is also the second youngest racer ever on the podium after Dutchman Max Verstappen, who was 18 years 228 days old when he won the 2016 Spanish Grand Prix.
Vettel, however, managed to pass Hamilton in the process of taking the penalty and stayed ahead of his main championship rival, taking a fourth-placed finish, extending his World Championship lead by two points.
The German, who just last month described the "strong connection" between himself and Hamilton, played ignorant when informed of a 10-second penalty for unsafe driving, asking his team to tell him when he was alleged to have committed the offence.
Speaking on Britain's Channel 4 television just after the race, Hamilton went as far as to say that Vettel "disgraced himself", adding that "if he wants to prove he is a man we should do it out of the vehicle".
"After a few laps we had some debris I think in the brakes so we had to stop and clean it, so we dropped back to I think 17th place".
"If he wants to prove that he is a man we should do it out of the auto, face-to-face. If you overtake somebody and drive into him as a mistake, fine, but this was deliberately in a phase of the race where you are driving slow".
Arianna Huffington pushing for Sheryl Sandberg to become Uber's next CEO
Travis Kalanick , the combative and troubled CEO of ride-hailing giant Uber , resigned under pressure from investors. Rachel Holt, a fast-rising executive who heads Uber's North American operations, could be in the running.
"I don't think that was his intention [to damage Vettel's vehicle in the first touch] because he's also risking damage to his auto, and his race is over. You know that, Charlie [Whiting]".
Vettel also copped a three point penalty on his super licence, leaving him just three points short of a one-race ban.
"Did I think I would win today?" "It wasn't the right thing what he did".
"I didn't run into the back of him on objective".
"I have no doubt he brake-checked me", Vettel said.
Both cars were able to continue, but Vettel was handed a 10sec stop-go penalty for risky driving. It could not be clearer.
"Ultimately what happened today was disrespectful".
Eid -Ul- Fitr A Day Dedicated To Poor
The Chief Minister in his greetings conveyed his wishes on the auspicious occasion of Eid al-Fitr to the people. If your employee works shifts, offering them 15 minutes to break their fast and pray is a considerate gesture.
As Hamilton returned to the pit lane on lap 22 with the race suspended, he left his cockpit before examining the back of his auto for damage following the incident. The Briton, who led Vettel, backed off to let the safety auto pull away and the German ran into his rear - to his fury. "It was a rush of blood to the head".
"He freaked out in himself", said Lauda. "When you hit somebody up the a*** it is your fault".
"I don't have a problem with him".
"To do that I don't understand".
"Vettel is a decent guy, normally", Lauda said. Therefore what he did after I don't understand.
"I want to be a quick driver - maybe the quickest one day", Stroll said on joining Williams. "Not with the vehicle but with his fist".
When the race restarted at lap 15, a battle between Esteban Ocon, Sergio Perez, Kimi Raikkonen and Felipe Massa ended up in the two Force India's clashing ahead, where Sergio tapped Esteban.
Formula One: Daniel Ricciardo glory contrasts with Max Verstappen misfortune
The marshals took just over 10 minutes to clear the vehicle and debris, allowing the session to get restarted with just under six minutes to go.
Vettel, who is chasing a fifth world title to stop Hamilton winning a fourth, was given a 10-second time penalty for the incident.
- Canada nurse gets life for killing 8 people in her care
- India's President, Vice President, Speaker wish people on Eid-ul-Fitr
- Trump threatens that Republicans may just let Obamacare 'crash and burn'
- Eyes have it: Ezekiel Elliott featured in ESPN's Body Issue
- Watch Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn send Glastonbury festival wild with speech
- Theme park rescue: Crowd catches girl in seven-metre fall from ride
- UK Conservatives, N Ireland party strike deal
- Jayson Tatum Excited For Opportunity To Win In Boston
- Avis Teams Up With Waymo On Self-Driving Car Program
- Qatar Rejects the Saudi-led Bloc's Absurd Demands