Hamilton was then ordered to pit, on safety grounds, and rejoined ninth with his headrest secured.
He is also the second youngest racer ever on the podium after Dutchman Max Verstappen, who was 18 years 228 days old when he won the 2016 Spanish Grand Prix.
Vettel, however, managed to pass Hamilton in the process of taking the penalty and stayed ahead of his main championship rival, taking a fourth-placed finish, extending his World Championship lead by two points.
The German, who just last month described the "strong connection" between himself and Hamilton, played ignorant when informed of a 10-second penalty for unsafe driving, asking his team to tell him when he was alleged to have committed the offence.
Speaking on Britain's Channel 4 television just after the race, Hamilton went as far as to say that Vettel "disgraced himself", adding that "if he wants to prove he is a man we should do it out of the vehicle".
"After a few laps we had some debris I think in the brakes so we had to stop and clean it, so we dropped back to I think 17th place".
"If he wants to prove that he is a man we should do it out of the auto, face-to-face. If you overtake somebody and drive into him as a mistake, fine, but this was deliberately in a phase of the race where you are driving slow".
Trump accuses Obama of inaction over Russian Federation meddling claim
The President also tweeted his concerns Friday night and Saturday. "They didn't want to hurt Hillary?", Trump tweeted. Adam Kinzinger, R-Ill., told CNN.
"I don't think that was his intention [to damage Vettel's vehicle in the first touch] because he's also risking damage to his auto, and his race is over. You know that, Charlie [Whiting]".
Vettel also copped a three point penalty on his super licence, leaving him just three points short of a one-race ban.
"Did I think I would win today?" "It wasn't the right thing what he did".
"I didn't run into the back of him on objective".
"I have no doubt he brake-checked me", Vettel said.
Both cars were able to continue, but Vettel was handed a 10sec stop-go penalty for risky driving. It could not be clearer.
"Ultimately what happened today was disrespectful".
Trump, Saudi Crown Prince Discuss Qatar Row
Rasheed also described bin Salman as being more likely to light more fires in the region than extinguish those already burning. Bin Salman was also reported as saying he would take "the battle" to Iran , which is on the opposite side in Yemen and Syria.
As Hamilton returned to the pit lane on lap 22 with the race suspended, he left his cockpit before examining the back of his auto for damage following the incident. The Briton, who led Vettel, backed off to let the safety auto pull away and the German ran into his rear - to his fury. "It was a rush of blood to the head".
"He freaked out in himself", said Lauda. "When you hit somebody up the a*** it is your fault".
"I don't have a problem with him".
"To do that I don't understand".
"Vettel is a decent guy, normally", Lauda said. Therefore what he did after I don't understand.
"I want to be a quick driver - maybe the quickest one day", Stroll said on joining Williams. "Not with the vehicle but with his fist".
When the race restarted at lap 15, a battle between Esteban Ocon, Sergio Perez, Kimi Raikkonen and Felipe Massa ended up in the two Force India's clashing ahead, where Sergio tapped Esteban.
Theme park rescue: Crowd catches girl in seven-metre fall from ride
On Sunday, park officials noted they won't be running the gondola ride despite the fact that it is cleared for operation. He looked up to see a young girl dangling about 25ft off the ground from a slow-moving gondola ride.
Vettel, who is chasing a fifth world title to stop Hamilton winning a fourth, was given a 10-second time penalty for the incident.
- Swede man held captive in Mali since 2011 freed
- Formula One: Daniel Ricciardo glory contrasts with Max Verstappen misfortune
- Qatar Rejects the Saudi-led Bloc's Absurd Demands
- Investor's Ready to act on the Stock: Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ:NVDA)
- UK Conservatives, N Ireland party strike deal
- SpaceX launches 10 satellites from California air base
- Olympic Champion Jimmy Butler Traded To Minnesota Timberwolves
- Adjunct who posted about N. Korea detainee won't be rehired
- SpaceX set to launch satellites from California air base
- Solange, Migos win at BET Awards; Bruno Mars performs