Hamilton was then ordered to pit, on safety grounds, and rejoined ninth with his headrest secured.
He is also the second youngest racer ever on the podium after Dutchman Max Verstappen, who was 18 years 228 days old when he won the 2016 Spanish Grand Prix.
Vettel, however, managed to pass Hamilton in the process of taking the penalty and stayed ahead of his main championship rival, taking a fourth-placed finish, extending his World Championship lead by two points.
The German, who just last month described the "strong connection" between himself and Hamilton, played ignorant when informed of a 10-second penalty for unsafe driving, asking his team to tell him when he was alleged to have committed the offence.
Speaking on Britain's Channel 4 television just after the race, Hamilton went as far as to say that Vettel "disgraced himself", adding that "if he wants to prove he is a man we should do it out of the vehicle".
"After a few laps we had some debris I think in the brakes so we had to stop and clean it, so we dropped back to I think 17th place".
"If he wants to prove that he is a man we should do it out of the auto, face-to-face. If you overtake somebody and drive into him as a mistake, fine, but this was deliberately in a phase of the race where you are driving slow".
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The second rocket featured titanium grid fins, which can withstand re-entry heating better than the previous aluminium design. With the elimination of these blind spots, losing aircraft such as the Malaysia Flight MH370 will become next to impossible.
"I don't think that was his intention [to damage Vettel's vehicle in the first touch] because he's also risking damage to his auto, and his race is over. You know that, Charlie [Whiting]".
Vettel also copped a three point penalty on his super licence, leaving him just three points short of a one-race ban.
"Did I think I would win today?" "It wasn't the right thing what he did".
"I didn't run into the back of him on objective".
"I have no doubt he brake-checked me", Vettel said.
Both cars were able to continue, but Vettel was handed a 10sec stop-go penalty for risky driving. It could not be clearer.
"Ultimately what happened today was disrespectful".
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Sinn Féin has opposed the extension of the covenant to Northern Ireland, given the British Army's role in the Troubles. Ahead of the meeting at No10, Mrs Foster said she believed an agreement for the support of her 10 MPs is "close".
As Hamilton returned to the pit lane on lap 22 with the race suspended, he left his cockpit before examining the back of his auto for damage following the incident. The Briton, who led Vettel, backed off to let the safety auto pull away and the German ran into his rear - to his fury. "It was a rush of blood to the head".
"He freaked out in himself", said Lauda. "When you hit somebody up the a*** it is your fault".
"I don't have a problem with him".
"To do that I don't understand".
"Vettel is a decent guy, normally", Lauda said. Therefore what he did after I don't understand.
"I want to be a quick driver - maybe the quickest one day", Stroll said on joining Williams. "Not with the vehicle but with his fist".
When the race restarted at lap 15, a battle between Esteban Ocon, Sergio Perez, Kimi Raikkonen and Felipe Massa ended up in the two Force India's clashing ahead, where Sergio tapped Esteban.
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Referring to Republican senators opposed to the bill, he added: "They want to get some points, I think they'll get some points". In Yuma County, Arizona, they would pay more than $2,100 more, or 52% more, because their subsidy would be less generous.
Vettel, who is chasing a fifth world title to stop Hamilton winning a fourth, was given a 10-second time penalty for the incident.
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